March 27, 2023

Sunscreen 101: Why SPF Should be Your New Best Friend


  • What does SPF mean?
  • How does SPF work?
  • Do I need to apply sunscreen? If yes, what type of sunscreen should I use?
  • What does sunscreen contain? What are the ingredients of sunscreen?
  • Are sunscreens safe?
  • What to look for in your sunscreen?
  • What level of SPF does one need? 
  • When and where should I apply sunscreen?
  • Benefits of applying sunscreen

Sunscreen is a need of the day for everyone! It is a common myth that sunscreen is needed only when outdoors and to prevent tanning! But no, sunscreen is needed at all times, and wherever we are - given the benefits for skin health by preventing harmful effects of the UV rays like sunburn, sun tan, reduces and lightens blemishes, scars, dark spots and also can prevent skin cancer.

What does SPF mean?

SPF or ‘Sun Protection Factor’ stands for how much time it would take for the sun rays to make skin red and the percentage of UVB rays that would be blocked. So imagine, one gets sunburns within 10 minutes of being in the sun. When this person applies SPF 15, it would take 150 minutes for him to get sunburn as it would take 15 times of the normal time taken. Similarly SPF 30 would protect him for 300 minutes from getting the sunburns.


  • SPF 15 blocks about 93% of UVB rays
  • SPF 30 blocks about 97% of UVB rays
  • SPF 50 blocks about 98% of UVB rays

Generally, a sunscreen SPF of 30 to 50 is sufficient, but if one spends good time outdoors, one could go for a higher SPF.

How does sunscreen  work?

Sunscreen when applied to the body forms a thin transparent layer on the skin that acts as a protective sheath against the Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation and prevents its penetration into the skin by either reflecting, absorbing, or scattering these radiations.

SPF works in two ways depending on the type and ingredients in it.

Physical sunscreen with minerals work by reflecting and scattering the UV rays while the chemical sunscreen absorbs all the UV rays and converts it into heat.

Do I need to apply sunscreen? If yes, what type of sunscreen should i use?

For anyone over 6 months of age, it is recommended to use sunscreen every day, whether at home or outdoors. When indoors, one can still be exposed to sun rays through the windows and blue rays emitted from electronic devices. It is recommended to use a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF 15 and higher to protect the skin from UVA and UVB rays and their harmful effects. 

We recommend for babies the use of  Lotus BABY+ SUNSCREEN SPF 20 PA+++ . This chemical-free sunscreen has inert earth minerals of Titanium dioxide and Zinc oxide along with calendula oil as ingredients which act as natural SPF and protect from harmful effects of UV rays.

What does sunscreen contain? What are the ingredients of sunscreen?

Sunscreen has ingredients that must absorb, reflect or scatter the ultraviolet or UV rays that touch the skin. These ingredients can be physical (mineral) types, like titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, or chemical types, the avobenzone and octisalate.

Are sunscreens safe?

Sunscreens are very safe to apply given the variety of ingredients suited to the skin type and sensitivity. And with Lotus Herbals has a variety of sunscreens, right from specially formulated ones for babies to men to sportspersons, with carefully chosen physical or chemical ingredients that are skin-friendly; it is only meant to be safe and effective to use sunscreen SPF Lotus sunscreen cream. Safe Sun Sunscreen Cream SPF 30 PA++ plays a wonderful role of being hydrating for the ones with dry skin use of a gel sunscreen, Safe Sun UV Screen MatteGEL Sunscreen SPF 50 PA+++, prevents acne, scars, and blemishes for the ones with oily skin 

When and where should I apply sunscreen?

It is recommended to apply body sunscreen lotion daily, even at home. When one has to step out, one must apply sunscreen for 30 minutes before venturing out to enable the sunscreen to penetrate your skin. One must also reapply every two hours of exposure and after a swimming session or excessive sweating. However, if one is home, it is ideal for applying sunscreen after a bath to ensure the SPF is not washed away and protects from the sun rays that come through the window and blue rays from all electronic devices.

Ensure you apply sunscreen to the entire body to protect it from UV rays. And it’s most important to use on parts of the body that are exposed, like the ears, back of the neck, face, hands, tops of your feet, behind your knees, etc.

Applying sunscreen to the body comes with multiple benefits, as below

  1. Fights skin damage 

Applying sunscreen regularly blocks harmful UVA/UVB rays. It helps to protect the deeper this frases like collagen and elastin, prevents premature ageing such as fine lines, wrinkles, and even protect from skin cancer. 

  1. Prevents  from sun burning

Prolonged and repeated exposure to the sun can cause discoloration and pigmentation, which can be prevented as UV rays are reflected without penetrating the skin and soothes the skin.

  1. Prevents skin tanning

Most people love going swimming either in a pool or even a beach vacation, but who likes to get tanned? Chlorine in the pool water and the UV rays when outdoors from 10am to 4pm  can often cause skin tanning and usually it is recommended to not step out at this time. But why stop the fun? Make sure to apply sunscreen that’s infused with ingredients which even the skin tone and reduces the blemishes, scars, acne, spots, etc.  

  1. Reduces Blotchiness On The Face

Good sunscreen would always have ingredients known to reduce blemishes, acne, scars, dark spots and, at times, even the skin tone. Regular application of sunscreen can prevent the onset of blotchiness as they prevent UV rays from penetrating the skin.

Having read all the importance of using sunscreen, when and where to apply and how safe it is with all the benefits it offers, we are sure now you will want to pick your lotus sunscreen to use regularly whether you are home or outdoors and protect yourself from all the harmful effects of UV rays. Login  to Lotus Herbals Online shopping website and pick your favorite sunscreen now!

Written by Lotus Herbals